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Refilled Ink or Toner cartridge
Each ink cartridge contains one or more partitioned ink reservoirs; certain manufacturers also add electronic contacts and a chip that communicates with the printer.
How it works
The printing depends on the smooth flow of ink, which can be hindered if the ink begins to dry at the print head, as can happen when an ink level becomes low; dried ink can be cleaned, from a cartridge print head, by gentle rubbing with isopropyl alcohol on a swab or folded paper towel.
The ink also acts as a coolant to protect the metal-plate heating elements: when the ink supply is depleted, and printing is attempted, the heating elements in thermal cartridges often burn out, permanently damaging the print head. When the ink first begins to run thin, the cartridge should be refilled or replaced, to avoid over-heating damage to the print-head; see more at: inkjet printer.
Typically, two separate cartridges are inserted into a printer: one containing black ink and one with each of the three primary colors. Alternatively, each primary color may have a dedicated cartridge.
Some cartridges are specifically designed for printing photographs.
All printer suppliers produce their own type of ink cartridges. Cartridges for different printers may be incompatible - either physically or electrically.
Since replacement cartridges from the original manufacturer of the printer are often very expensive, some other manufacturers produce "compatible" cartridges as cheaper alternatives.
Some cartridges have incorporated the printer's head (most HP printers use this system). Usually, they are more expensive, but the printers are cheaper. Others don't include the printer head, but they are more economic and the printers are more expensive (for example, most Epson printers)
Ink cartridge pricing
Typically, ink cartridges are very expensive. Many people, therefore, use compatible ink cartridges (those made by a company other than the printer manufacturer) that give comparable quality, but with considerable savings. Another alternative involves modifications that allow the use of continuous ink systems that use external ink tanks. Some people choose to use inexpensive ink, knowing that, in the long term, it may damage the printer. However, the cost savings of 4 or 5 refilled cartridges may well be sufficient to pay for a new printer. If the printer lasts more than that, they have obtained the same result (economically speaking) at a lower cost than using original supplies.
Consumers are often surprised at the price of replacing their printer cartridges, especially when compared with that of purchasing a brand new printer. The major printer manufacturers, Hewlett Packard, Lexmark, Dell, Canon, Epson and Brother, often break even or lose money selling printers and expect to recoup their losses by selling cartridges over the life span of the printer. Since much of the printer manufacturers' profits are made up of ink and toner cartridge sales, these companies have taken various actions to limit the options of consumers in using aftermarket cartridges.
Kodak is attempting to change this business model with the pending launch of its Kodak EasyShare inkjet printers. New ink cartridges will be less than typical prices: $14.99 for color and $9.99 for black as detailed at Kodak's InkIsIt.com . Some printing industry analysts have said that Kodak's new strategy and the very low ink pricing of Epson in some countries are the first sign of a collapse in ink prices that will spread worldwide .
Refilled and 3rd party ink cartridges
Many consumers opt to have their cartridges refilled or purchased remanufactured cartridges from third parties to save money over buying official cartridges (which cost more per ml than vintage champagne. This is a much better use of resources, much cheaper (as you need only buy the ink and some other small raw materials), and a whole industry has grown up around this idea. The legality of this industry was brought to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit in the case of Lexmark Int'l v. Static Control Components. The Court ruled that reverse-engineering the handshaking procedure to enable compatibility did not violate the Digital Millennium Copyright Act.
There are several qualities and types of refilling, some of them being safe and successful, while other types can ruin the printer and/or give bad quality prints. Some cartridges sold as "new and compatible" are actually used and refilled by companies that buy used cartridges. The same applies to toner cartridges.
ink refills such as 25ml each Light Cyan and Light Magenda Photo ink refill Kits, Black Color Combo ink Refill Kits, Black Inkjet Refill Kits, Color Ink Refill Kits, 60ml Black Durafirm Bulk Ink refills, 60ml each Black Cyan Yellow Magenta Durafirm Bulk Ink refills, Bulk Ink refills Combos for Photo Printers, Chip Resetters, empty Ink Cartridges for ink refills such as Photo Magenta Cartridges, Inkjet Black Cartridges, Inkjet Color Cartridges, Inkjet Cyan Cartridges, Inkjet Magenta Cartridges, Inkjet Photo Black Cartridges, Inkjet Photo Cyan Cartridges, Inkjet Yellow Cartridges, as well as laser toner ink refills technology e.g. Laser Ink Refill Kit, Bulk Laser Toner Refills and of course the Laser Hole Making Tool.